The heat wave in Spain this past week came out of season and with unprecedented duration and virulence because the effects of climate change are not a thing of the future but of the present. The only reasonable attitude is to assume for the immediate future the increasing frequency and aggravation of episodes such as those that Spain has experienced these days, with an overwhelmed population due to day and night temperatures that have rendered it.
On the map of especially vulnerable areas is the Mediterranean, and without the slightest apocalyptic fantasy, Spain has regions that are already being particularly punished, such as the Ebro, Guadiana or Guadalquivir valleys.
Spain has once again experienced in first person and in real time that climate change changes everything . Experts know that there is no magic and quick solution, but there are formulas to avoid the worst and slow down the current progression: mitigation and adaptation. Mitigation refers to those measures aimed at reducing greenhouse gas emissions, with special emphasis on fossil fuels.
But facing the immediate future, it is necessary to activate adaptation actions that allow the new climatic conditions to be endured with less suffering. The program must be comprehensive and can no longer avoid specific provisions for multiple professional sectors that will probably repeatedly experience situations such as those of this last week.
Neither the students and teachers of the schools must continue to endure the current conditions in the face of another wave of color, nor can outdoor workers continue working in full sun at 40 degrees, nor can industries that are poorly adapted to the new climate continue as if nothing, nor sectors such as agriculture can be oblivious to a new reality that will return each year in one way or another.
From a library or a school with shade, vegetation and water points, to public transport stations can fulfill this function. Climate change has been with us for a long time and learning to live with it will require a greater effort from public authorities.